Cellulose gum is a product derived from natural cellulose as found in plant tissue, seeds (especially cottonseeds), and wood, and has a huge range of applications within the food industry. The product is cheap, effective and versatile, adds volume, improves texture and "mouth feel", helps retain moisture, prevents foods from drying out, and improves shelf life. It gives fluids viscosity and "body".
It is used as a binder, stabilizer, and thickener in foodstuffs, and has many uses in industry, including in paper, tobacco, toiletry, and pharmaceuticals.
Some food products list Cellulose Gum among their ingredients as "dietary fiber", and it may act as an appetite reducer by helping fill the consumer up, so that less food is consumed. Thus, it may be of benefit in combating obesity.
There are a few health concerns associated with cellulose gum, which is, in nutritional terms, an inert substance. As the digestive tract is unable to absorb it, it simply passes through the gut and is eliminated. In very large amounts, it may have a slight laxative effect.
Carboxymethyl cellulose, Methyl cellulose, Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, Cellulose sodium glycolate, CMC